Sustainable fishing helps protect marine life and hopes to preserve a substantial population of aquatic life for the future. Oceans and freshwater bodies are habitats for numerous species of invertebrates and fish, which are consumed as food and harvested for other reasons.
However, a rapid rise in the demand for seafood, together with technological advancement, has led to the depletion of fish in oceans and lakes.
The statistics show that almost 33% of the global commercial fishing ground is already depleted. This simply calls for an urgent change in how fishing is carried out before we annihilate all the fish in the oceans. Below are some of the best practices that can guarantee the sustainability of the fishing industry.
Overfishing is extremely dangerous, as it depletes the number of fish in the oceans dramatically. It is important for fishermen and women to avoid fishing methods that result in overfishing. To ensure sustainability, the fishing rate should be lower than the fish reproduction rate.
Practice Catch and Release
Some fishing methods, such as longlining, can result in bycatch. This is the capture of unintended species. In such circumstances, the bycatch should be released back into the water. In some cases, a lot of fingerlings are caught together with big fish. The fingerlings should be released back into the water so they can continue to grow.
Avoid Water Pollution
Overfishing is not the only major problem; pollution is also a nightmare when it comes to aquatic life. This not only endangers the fish and aquatic animals, but also has a negative impact on their habitats. In response to this, the practise of carbon cautious fishing is important. In some countries, only canoes and small boats are allowed in the fishing grounds. This is to reduce carbon emission and adverse effect on the environment and oceans.